The transnational lens adds analytical value to the concept of social transformation and social structuring—and de-structuring—by facilitating our understanding of complexity, interdependence, variability, contextual and multilevel mediations of migratory processes and their aftermath in a rapidly changing world.
Some enthusiastic, other skeptical and structurally critical, and some others with moderate and pluralistic positions, the analytic paths to decipher an increased complex reality multiply and diversify. Among them, normative social and political theory experienced a meaningful renaissance.
Diverse theoretical traditions are confronted today with multiple questions that arise from the transformations and behavior of these binomials and the need for new synthesis : why, precisely when the individual is recognized as a central social actor, do communities and primordial identities acquire unexpected prominence? How has the tension between community belonging and individual affirmation been historically solved and how can the debate be reconsidered?
Has the balance been broken and, if so, can it be restored only at a national scale or is it feasible to recover it starting from the opportunities brought about by globalization processes and transnational spaces?